The 22. July 2011, a Friday, is firmly etched in the collective memory of the nation. It is the day when the country emerges from its Naivety awakened, so many Norwegians say. A national trauma.
On 22. July 2011 explodes vs. 15.30 o'clock in the government quarter of Oslo in a van a homemade bomb. The force of the detonation is so powerful that parts of the building are destroyed, eight people die. There is sheer chaos.
Oslo and Utoya: right-wing extremist kills 77 people – including many minors
This is exactly what the right-wing extremist assassin Andres Breivik wanted to achieve. He drives his car to the nearby island Utoya. There, as every year, many young people spend a few days on vacation at the summer camp of the Social Democratic Youth Organization (AUF).
Breivik, disguises himself as a policeman, says he wants to inform the young people and their guardians about the attack in the government quarter and is taken to the island by boat. There he begins to kill. For more than an hour he shoots 69 mostly young people, 33 are injured, some seriously – until a task force stops him.
Perpetrators without remorse – survivors sought help
The assassin allows himself to be arrested without resistance. It becomes the maximum penalty with Preventive detention convicted, shows no remorse to this day.
Ten years on, there is still a sense of trappings and anger about the Massacre. So many young people – executed by a Norwegian, by "one of us," as they say. Some of the survivors have withdrawn, others have sought the help of psychologists or formed support groups.
"It is not possible to return to a normal life," said Freddy Lie. His daughter Elisabeth died on Utoya, the Right-wing extremist had shot the 16-year-old.