Corona: this is what you need to know about a possible vaccination obligation

Corona: this is what you need to know about a possible vaccination obligation

Almost daily, the Robert Koch Institute reports a new record: new infections, incidence – even admissions of covid patients to clinics are increasing significantly. In the fourth Corona wave, therefore, with increasing urgency, the possibility of a Mandatory vaccination discusses. What is legally possible, which occupational groups could be obliged to vaccinate? Has there ever been compulsory vaccination in Germany? All questions and answers at a glance.

Are vaccinations against the coronavirus currently mandatory?

Vaccination against the coronavirus is a good idea voluntarily. Currently, there is also no political effort to impose a general vaccination obligation. "The claim that there will be compulsory vaccination is false," it says even on the official information pages of the federal government on the coronavirus. However, a strong vaccination recommendation will be made to protect not only himself, but the community.

What is compulsory vaccination??

Compulsory vaccination" refers to the obligation, sanctioned by law, to have a protective vaccination carried out and to provide or keep proof of it. The goal of mandatory vaccination is not only to protect against a disease that poses a risk to the general population. Rather, it is also about the Spread of a virus to contain the infectious disease in such a way that it is eradicated (herd immunity).

Has there ever been compulsory vaccination in Germany?

Already in 19. In the nineteenth century, the German Empire had a Compulsory vaccination against smallpox. This was only cautiously relaxed in the early stages of National Socialism.

After the Second World War, there were GDR from 1953 a legal vaccination obligation, which was extended step by step until 1970. In the East, the following vaccinations were mandatory over the years: smallpox, tuberculosis (1953), polio (1961), diphtheria (1961), tetanus (1961), whooping cough (1964) and measles (1970).

In the West, there was compulsory vaccination against diphtheria until 1954 and, depending on the federal state, also partly against scarlet fever. From 1949 to 1975, children in the Federal Republic mandatory vaccination against smallpox. Compulsory vaccination against smallpox was gradually lifted until it was completely eliminated in 1983. The disease is now considered eradicated.

In the reunified Germany has existed since the 14. November 2019 again a nationwide vaccination obligation against Measles introduced for children and staff in community or health care settings such as day care centers and schools. The change came into force on 1. March 2020 in force.

What could be the benefit of compulsory vaccination in the Corona pandemic??

It is hoped that compulsory vaccination would reduce the spread of the virus, especially in particularly vulnerable population groups and in high-risk environments could be contained. For example, if both employees and residents of a nursing home were all immunized, the risk of entering infections or even a Corona outbreak would be significantly lower. According to experts, it has also been seen in other European countries that the introduction of a 2G rule in the workplace can have an effect on first-time vaccination rates. Compulsory vaccination for specific occupations would be tantamount to 2G regulation for specific occupational areas.

Corona vaccination obligation: what is legally possible?

Legal experts consider compulsory vaccination for certain occupational groups to be indisputable. The implementation is primarily about Legal certainty of the rule and whether it would be proportionate and enforceable by the state. You can read more information about how an implementation and legal regulation could look like at all in our article on the topic.

What is the opinion on compulsory vaccination against the corona virus??

In the fight against Corona advocated a Slight majority of the Germans a vaccination obligation. This is the result of the latest "Trendbarometer" by RTL and ntv, for which the opinion research institute Forsa surveyed around 1,000 people. Among them, 53 percent were in favor of a general vaccination obligation; 45 percent were of the opinion that vaccination should continue to be voluntary. In eastern Germany, however, a majority rejects mandatory vaccination. Many more people are in favor of compulsory occupational vaccination, with nearly three-quarters of respondents voting in favor here.

Even the established Doctors The majority of people in Germany are in favor of compulsory vaccination for specific occupations. This was the result of a recent survey by the arztenachrichtendienst (and), in which more than 1.500 general practitioners and specialists participated. 79 percent of physicians would like to see mandatory vaccination for employees in the medical and nursing fields.

What is the position of the possible traffic light coalition on compulsory vaccination??

In the debate on compulsory vaccination in health and care facilities, an agreement is emerging among the traffic light parties. Health politicians from the FDP and the Greens recently pleaded for a facility-based obligation. However, such a regulation does not come yet in the new infection protection law. Nevertheless, the traffic light partners talk about it. Also SPD chancellor candidate Olaf Scholz showed up recently open-minded opposite an occupation-referred regulation.

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